Outside England and Wales, English property contracts, sometimes included in real estate deeds, are (1) that the licensor is legally confiscated (for a fee) of the property; (2) that the licensor has the right to transfer ownership to the lessee; (3) that ownership is transferred without charges (this pact is often amended; to allow certain charges), (4) that the licensor has not taken any action to burden the assets, (5) that the lessee must have silent ownership of the property and (6) that the licensor carries out the necessary additional assurances on the land (Nos. 3 and 4, which overlap considerably, are sometimes treated as an object).  English covenants may be described individually or may be incorporated by reference, as in a document granting ownership “with general warranty and ownership agreements in English”. . . .